Weekly Editor’s Review: Office Chair from the manufacturer

The most valuable contribution can be made at the first stage of a project to generate ideas with technical understanding and creative flair for the design, organization, and use of spaces. Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. Other skills include preparing design impact assessments, conducting environmental assessments and audits, and serving as an expert witness at inquiries on land use issues. Its distinguishing feature is the marriage of landforms, substrates, and vegetation throughout all phases of design and construction, which previously have been kept as separate disciplines. Landscape engineering is the interdisciplinary application of engineering and other applied sciences to the design and creation of anthropogenic landscapes.

Ecoscaping integrates the disciplines of landscape architecture and spatial planning with environmental science and provides an innovative approach in creating a sustainable and nature-friendly design and/or construction. Although the primary aim of aquascaping is to create an artful underwater landscape, the technical aspects of aquatic plant maintenance must also be taken into consideration. Many factors must be balanced in the closed system of an aquarium tank to ensure the success of an aquascape.

The first is closure planning – which includes goal setting and design of the landscape as a whole. Through the 19th century, urban planning became a more important need. It can also be described as green engineering, but the design professionals best known for landscape engineering are landscape architects. Ecoscaping integrates the disciplines of landscape architecture and spatial planning with environmental science and provides an innovative approach in creating a sustainable and nature-friendly design and/or construction. McHarg would give every qualitative aspect of the site a layer, such as the history, hydrology, topography, vegetation, etc. This system became the foundation of today's Geographic Information Systems (GIS). He took up the term from Meason and gave it publicity in his Encyclopedias and in his 1840 book on the Landscape Gardening and Landscape Architecture of the Late Humphry Repton.[4] It was first used as a professional title by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1863.[citation needed] Andrew Jackson Downing (1815–1852)[5] was another early American landscape designer, and editor of The Horticulturist magazine (1846–52). Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. This system became the foundation of today's Geographic Information Systems (GIS).